The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is clearly underestimated by public opinion, mainly because it is a taboo subject. Even young women are affected, often in sports, but especially after delivery or in old age. From a scientific point of view, physiotherapy is the first line treatment in this field, as its effectiveness has been thoroughly evaluated. In our «Pelvic Floor and Continence Group» we want to further improve and optimize physiotherapy related to SUI. We investigate diagnostic techniques, interventions and therapy plans regarding patient information, perception and movement as well as strengthening of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) in isolated contractions and complex whole-body movements. Specifically, we focus on the neuromechanical aspects of PFMs, i.e., the activation and contraction behavior during voluntary and involuntary, reflexive contractions, which are essentially important to guarantee continence.