Analyse du secteur café au Burundi

The coffee sector is of great importance to the economy of Burundi. It brings income to more than 600,000 families of Burundian coffee farmers, representing almost 5 million people, or 40% of the population.

Fiche signalétique

  • Département responsable Haute école des sciences agronomiques, forestières et alimentaires
  • Institut HAFL Institut Hugo P. Cecchini
  • Unité de recherche Agriculture internationale et développement rural
  • Organisation d'encouragement Autres
  • Durée 07.10.2022 - 31.03.2023
  • Responsable du projet Dr. Ingrid Fromm
  • Direction du projet Dr. Ingrid Fromm
  • Équipe du projet Dr. Ingrid Fromm
  • Partenaire Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
  • Mots-clés Access to markets and value chains


About 2.7% (70,000 ha) of the total land area is devoted to coffee cultivation. There are no large coffee plantations in Burundi. Smallholders typically own between 100 and 300 coffee trees, equivalent to 0.1 to 0.3 hectares. Arabica coffee, characterized by its milder taste profile, accounts for 98% of the country's total production. Most of the coffee is produced in the highlands of the North and Center of the country in the provinces of Ngozi (18%), Kayanza (14%), Muyinga (11%), Gitega (11%) and Karusi (9%). These alone represent more than 60% of the country's coffee production. However, a sizeable amount is also produced in the Western and Southern provinces; 60-80% of the cherry coffee harvest is processed in coffee washing stations, which produce premium coffees called "Lavé" in French or "Fully Washed" in English.


The washing stations distributed in the coffee growing areas of Burundi are generally located on average about 17km from a paved road and a distance of 3 to 5km on foot from the producers who use them. Local farmers to produce what is known as «Washed» or «semi-Washed» coffee manually process 30-40% of the cherry coffee harvest. The dry parchment, whether processed manually or in washing stations, is then transported, and processed in one of the 9 existing parchment factories in the country in order to produce the green coffee for export. This sector creates many jobs: more than 1,500 full-time jobs; more than 30,000 temporary jobs; as well as thousands of indirect jobs; 10,000 to 25,000 tons of green coffee exported per year for a value of 20 to 60M USD. In this way, coffee is the main source of forex in Burundi. Switzerland is the country of destination for 20 to 50% of coffee exports, placing it in the top 5 of the most important economic partners for Burundi. The objective of the work is to conduct a deep analysis of the performance of the coffee sector in Burundi and beyond in the recent 10 years. Find solutions and strategies to develop the value chain and the image of the coffee of Burundi in and abroad through Branding.

Ce projet contribue aux objectifs de développement durable suivants

  • 1: Éradication de la pauvreté
  • 2: Lutte contre la faim
  • 8: Accès à des emplois décents
  • 10: Réduction des inégalités
  • 12: Consommation responsable